Aviron Vs Pagaie

Aviron vs pagaie La différence entre pagaie et aviron
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    Quelle est la différence entre les pagaies et les avirons ?

    We have all at one time or the other come across the words “paddle” and “oar.” They are popular equipment in watersports and are usually used to propel watercraft in the water. 

    As watersports and paddle sports in particular gain popularity daily, more and more people are found on the water interested in taking up one watersport or the other. 

    This has caused an increase in the number of people who have to know different watersport equipment and when they should be used. 

    Bien que de nombreuses personnes les utilisent de manière interchangeable, les pagaies et les rames sont en réalité différentes et ont des utilisations différentes. Nous explorons ce qui différencie ces deux équipements de sports nautiques dans cet article.

    Qu'est-ce qu'une rame ?

    An oar is an elongated implement with a blade at one end, used to move a boat through water by rowing. 

    Oars are often paired in pairs and used together to propel the boat forward or backward using a rhythmic back-and-forth motion; they are used to move a boat through water by pushing and pulling on the oar. 

    Oars are rowed by an oarsman, who uses their body to provide power and control. Oars are usually made out of wood or metal. Certaines embarcations qui utilisent des avirons sont des bateaux à rames, des balayeurs, des skiffs, des dériveurs, des bateaux à crâne et des annexes pour yachts.

    Qu'est-ce qu'une pagaie ?

    A paddle is an implement used for propelling a boat or other watercraft. It is typically about 18 inches long and can be single-bladed or double-bladed. 

    There are many different types of paddles, but the simplest type is a flat piece of wood or plastic with a rounded edge. You push the boat with the paddle and use your hands to steer. 

    Paddles are used for paddling. Some popular paddle sports include kayaking, canoeing, and stand-up paddle boarding. 

    Dans kayak et canoë, a paddle is used to move the watercraft through the water while in stand-up paddle boarding a person uses a paddle to propel himself through the water. 

    Les sports de pagaie sont appelés ainsi parce qu'ils impliquent l'utilisation d'une pagaie pour naviguer sur les voies navigables. Ils sont une façon amusante de se détendre et de s'entraîner.

    Différences entre les pagaies et les avirons

    1. Les avirons sont attachés à la motomarine alors que les pagaies ne le sont pas

    A major difference between these pieces of equipment is their location on a watercraft. While paddles are separate from the watercraft, oars are attached to the boat sides by an oarlock or a rowlock. 

    The oarlock or rowlock is in turn attached to the boat and serves as a fixed or sliding fulcrum. While rowing, the oarsman transfers energy from their body to the handle of the oars and then to their blades. 

    Cette énergie est ce qui propulse le bateau dans l'eau. Contrairement à l'aviron où la dame de nage ou dame de nage est le point d'appui, dans les sports de pagaie comme kayak et canoë, the adventurer/sportman’s shoulders or hands act as the pivot point for applying energy to the paddle and navigating the water.

    2. Les rames et les pagaies sont utilisées différemment

    There is a reason paddles are preferred by adventurers and it is because they let you see where you are going. 

    You guessed right, oars have you moving with your back turned to your destination and you constantly have to look over your shoulders if you want a safe trip. 

    The method of propulsion falls back on the working mechanism of each of these pieces of water equipment. Paddlers use their paddles to create forward momentum. 

    This is accomplished by pulling on the water with each stroke, propelling the vessel in the direction the paddler is facing. 

    Paddling thus allows you to see where you are going and is preferred by most especially when exploring a new environment. Oars work in the opposite direction of paddles. 

    While paddles pull the water towards the watercraft to achieve forward momentum, oars push the water away essentially creating backward momentum. 

    For rowing, the paddler is required to sit with his back turned to the direction he’s going. It is not difficult to see why adventurers prefer the paddle.

    3. Différents matériaux sont utilisés dans la construction de chaque équipement

    Un autre moyen facile de différencier les pagaies et les avirons est le matériaux à partir desquels ils sont fabriqués. Paddles are usually made from materials that are strong while being light like aluminum, carbon fiber, and fiberglass. 

    Il s'agit de s'assurer que la pagaie est suffisamment légère pour être utilisée par des pagayeurs de tous âges et suffisamment solide pour propulser la motomarine dans l'eau et aider à naviguer même dans des conditions dangereuses.

    Most oars are however made of hardwood such as ash and are thus considerably heavier than paddles. 

    Il est important de savoir que cette différence n'est pas gravée dans le marbre car des rames en fibre de carbone existent pour ceux qui pratiquent l'aviron de compétition alors que les pagaies de style canoë sont généralement en bois dur.

    Bien qu'elle ne soit pas absolue, cette différence vous permet de savoir que si l'équipement est léger, il s'agit probablement d'une pagaie et sinon, il s'agit très probablement d'une rame.

    4. Les muscles sollicités et la force physique requise pour les utiliser

    Yet another difference between these two propulsion equipment lies in their use. Rowing takes a toll on the entire body while paddling does not. 

    In rowing, your arms and back are not the only sources of energy for propulsion; your legs can add more power to each oar stroke helping you cover more ground. 

    Ceci est particulièrement évident dans les bateaux de couple et à rames balayées où le siège entier glisse d'avant en arrière avec l'effort de l'aviron.

    In contrast, in paddling, the forward stroke is aided by the abdominal and oblique muscles with your back and arm muscles supporting the movement; they transfer the force to the paddle and thus propel the watercraft. 

    As opposed to rowing, the legs have little to do with the watercraft’s propulsion and mainly help the paddler maintain his balance in the canoe, kayak, or other watercraft.

    5. Technique de course

    Oars and paddles differ in stroke technique since they are not the same. Paddles essentially take you forward while oars take you backward. 

    A major difference between these two propulsion devices is that paddling requires a single paddle that could be single-bladed or double-bladed. 

    The paddler holds the paddle with both hands and the paddle blade enters the water on either side of the watercraft propelling it forward. 

    Rowing on the other hand generally requires two oars fixed on either side of the boat. The rower holds an oar in each hand and uses them to move the vessel through water. 

    La seule exception à cela est l'aviron balayé qui utilise une rame et nécessite un contrôle à deux mains de cette rame.

    6. Conception et apparence

    A key difference and good way to tell oars and paddles apart is how they look. By now you already know that an oar is single-bladed and fixed to the side of the boat by an oarlock or rowlock that acts as the fulcrum while rowing. 

    You also know that two oars are typically involved in rowing; one placed on each side of the boat. Paddles on the other hand can be either single-bladed or double-bladed depending on the intended use. 

    This makes paddles the more versatile of the two pieces of equipment. Canoeists and rafters usually use single-bladed paddles as they allow for quick turns and control. 

    Les kayakistes sont cependant friands de pagaies à double pales car cela permet de pagayer plus rapidement et plus efficacement. Les pagaies à double pales sont également moins éprouvantes physiquement à utiliser.

    7. Embarcation prévue

    As you can imagine, with different styles of propulsion of vessels through water, paddles and oars are suited to different types of watercraft. 

    Pagaies sont couramment utilisés pour la navigation des kayaks, des canoës, des planches à pagaie debout et des radeaux. Ils sont célèbres dans les sports d'aventure.

    Oars are instead used on rowing boats, sweep-oar boats, sculls, and yacht tenders. With this knowledge, you know that certain vessels are associated with either paddles or oars and can easily identify the piece of equipment based on that.

    8. D'où s'accrochent-ils ?

    Oars are kept in place thanks to oarlocks. An oarlock is a type of locking mechanism used on oars. It consists of a pair of arms that hold the oar in place and are attached to the handle of the oar. 

    When the user pulls on the oar, the oarlock releases, allowing the user to twist the oar. The oarlock can be tightened or loosened depending on the situation at hand. 

    Oarlocks keep the oar in place, preventing it from slipping and causing the boat to lose speed. Paddles unlike oars are not attached to anything and spend most of the trip in the paddler’s hands. 

    Paddles rely on the paddler remaining in control of his watercraft and as such, should your paddle fall overboard you have to go and retrieve it. 

    If you intend to navigate rough waters it might be a good idea to invest in a paddle leash. The paddle leash ensures you don’t lose your paddle if it falls overboard or even if your vessel capsizes.

    9. Performances et vitesse

    Another way to tell paddles and oars apart is how they deliver on the water. Which method of propulsion will get you faster to your destination? 

    The performance of paddles and oars naturally depends on certain factors like weather and water conditions, the size of the vessel, the paddler or rower’s strength, etc. 

    In similar conditions, rowing is the faster method of propulsion. This makes sense since leg muscles contribute to rowing’s momentum while no such thing occurs while paddling. 

    Les avirons sont par conséquent la méthode de propulsion préférée dans les sports d'aviron. C'est aussi pourquoi les plus gros bateaux sont équipés de rames au lieu de pagaies.

    Les pagaies à double pale offrent également de la vitesse, en particulier lorsqu'elles sont associées à une motomarine haute performance. Ils sont juste généralement battus dans des conditions d'eau calme. La pagaie est cependant la méthode de propulsion préférée dans les eaux agitées.

    10. Prix du marché

    Paddles and oars also differ in price. Naturally, oars are more expensive than paddles. For one, you need two oars as opposed to a single paddle. 

    Also, high-quality hardwood oars with metal oarlocks are bound to cost more than a typical paddle. 

    Si vous vous lancez dans les sports nautiques, un kayak avec une pagaie à deux pales va moins grever vos finances qu'une chaloupe avec une paire de rames. Il n'est pas étonnant que la plupart des gens choisissent les kayaks et les planches à pagaie comme première embarcation.

    Les avirons et les pagaies sont tous deux utilisés pour propulser les embarcations dans l'eau, mais ils ont des caractéristiques différentes qui les rendent mieux adaptés à différentes tâches.

    Oars are typically used in larger boats, while paddles are more common in canoes and kayaks. Oars are also better for rowing in a straight line, while paddles are better for steering and maneuvering. 

    Oars are typically longer and have a thicker blade than paddles. Paddles are also less expensive than oars making them more affordable. 

    Paddles propel the watercraft in the direction the paddler is facing while oars propel the vessel backward causing you to have to constantly look above your shoulder especially if you are rowing alone. 

    Rowing which makes use of oars is generally faster in calmer waters but paddling is preferred in choppy water as it gives better control of the watercraft in dangerous conditions. 

    L'aviron offre également un meilleur entraînement car tous les muscles du corps sont impliqués dans la propulsion du bateau, tandis que vos jambes assurent principalement la stabilité lorsque vous pagayez.

    These differences and more set these two watercraft propulsion instruments apart and will help you differentiate between them. 

    Hopefully, next time family or friends use these terms interchangeably, you will be able to explain to them that they are in fact different and have different uses. 

    Before hitting the water, remember to pick the propulsion equipment better suited for your watercraft. If you are kayaking, canoeing, rafting, or paddle boarding, you need a paddle. 

    Chaque fois que vous devez ramer ou utiliser une balayeuse, une godille, une chaloupe ou tout autre navire de ce type, utilisez une paire de rames. Rappelez-vous toujours de rester en sécurité et de vous amuser sur l'eau.


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